John Muir was born in Dunbar, East Lothian, Scotland on April 21, 1838 and passed away on December 24, 1914. Joh Muir was also known as John of the Mountains and also famous as Father of the National Parks.


John Muir who has a mixture of blood from Scotland and America is someone who is very influential. John Muir is an activist for the preservation of the wilderness in the United States.  naturalist, writer, environmental philosopher and glaciologist.


His letters, essays and books illustrate his adventures in nature, especially in the Sierra Nevada. All of his writings have been read by millions of people. His activities as an activist have helped preserve Sequois National Park, Yosemite Valley and other wilderness areas.


He founded the Sierra Club is a leading American conservation organization. The 211 mile John Muir Trail, is a hiking spot in Sierra Nevada and named in honor of its services to the environment. Other places such as Muir Beach, Mount Muir, Muir Woods National Monument, John Muir College, Camp Muir, Muir Grove, and Muir Glacier. In Scotland there is a 130-mile route and is named John Muir Street, a 130-mile route in his honor.


John Muir devoted most of his time to preserving forests. As part of a campaign to make Yosemite a national park, Muir published two important articles on wilderness preservation in Century Magazine namely “The Treasures of the Yosemite” and “Features of Yosemite National Park”.


This helped to support that the US Congress could pass the law in 1890 by establishing Yosemite National Park. Muir enthusiasm for nature expressed in his writing has inspired readers to take action to help preserve the environment.


John Muir is the author of nature

In his life, Muir published six books which all described exploration of nature. Four additional books were published posthumously. Some of the books later published were a collection of essays and articles from various sources.


The writing and the quality in his book is very beautiful. His writings have had a lasting effect on American culture in helping to create the desire to protect and preserve the natural environment.


His first book was in the form of a personal letter to his friend Jeanne Carr. The book describes Calypso Borealis, a rare flower he encountered. This work was published anonymously, identified as inspired by Pilgrim.


During his years as a writer about nature, Muir often rewrote and expand his previous writings and articles published in magazines. He often composes and organizes previous writings such as a collection of essays or includes them as part of subsequent narrative books.


Jeanne Carr: Friend and mentor of John Muir

Muir’s friendship with Jeanne Carr had an influence on his career as a naturalist and writer. They first met in the fall of 1860, when at the age of 22, he entered a number of inventions made at the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society Fair.


Carr, a fair assistant, was asked by officials to review the Muir exhibition to see whether it was good or not. In the end, Muir received a diploma and monetary award for an artificial clock and thermometer for his hand.


According to Muirie biography Bonnie Johanna Gisel, the Carrs admitted that Joh Muir’s thoughts were pure, not simple, inherent curiosity, scientific intelligence, and independent thinking which made him very interesting and unique compared to others. Jeanne Carr at that time appreciated John Muir’s young individuality. Indeed, we should appreciate the services and love of John Muir who are very deep in nature.


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