James Ephraim Lovelock, CH CBE FRS or more known as James Lovelock was born on July 26, 1919, in Letchworth, Hertfordshire, England. He is an environmental activist, an independent scientist, and futurist who currently lives in Dorset, England. James Lovelock is the originator of the Gaia hypothesis, which postulates that the earth functions as a self-regulating system.


The meaning of futurists is social scientists who focus on futurology or the science of the future and attempt to explore predictions and possibilities about the future and how they can emerge from the present, either in particular societies or life on Earth in general.


James Lovelock is the son of a working-class parent who strongly believes in education. Nell, his mother, started working from the age of 13 at the pickle factory while his father, Tom, has been working hard for six months in illegal labor since his teenage years. His father Tom, was initially illiterate until he finally learned and could continue his studies to a technical college.


History of Education from James Lovelock

The James Lovelock family moved to London but over there Lovelock did not like the authority and make him an unhappy student at his school, Strand School.


James Lovelock worked in a photography company and being  a student at Birkbeck College at night, before being accepted to study chemistry at the University of Manchester, where he was a student of Laureate Nobel Prize, Professor Alexander Todd.


In 1948 Lovelock received a Ph.D. in medicine at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. After that, he went to the United States, where he conducted research at Yale, Baylor College of Medicine, and Harvard University.


James Lovelock is a researcher and therefore has developed many inventions, some of which are designed for NASA. In addition, while working as a NASA consultant, Lovelock also developed the famous hypothesis of Gaia.


Gaia Theory created by James Lovelock

This theory was first formulated by Lovelock in the 1960s as a result of his work while working with NASA by detecting life on Mars.

The Gaia Hypothesis mentions that living and non-living Earth parts form complex interaction systems that can be considered as single organisms. Origin is named after the Greek goddess Gaia on the advice of the novelist William Golding. The hypothesis postulates that the biosphere has a regular effect on the Earth’s environment that acts to sustain life.


While the Gaia hypothesis is readily accepted by many people, it is not widely accepted in the scientific community. Among them are evolutionary biologists Richard Dawkins, Ford Doolittle, and Stephen Jay Gould.


The critics were questioned about that theory. In response to these criticisms, in 1983, James Lovelock and Andrew Watson published a computer Daisyworld, which postulated a hypothetical planet orbiting a star whose emission energy slowly increased or decreased.


James Lovelock wrote in the British newspaper, The Independent in January 2006 and argued that, as a result of global warming, “billions of people will die and some survivors will be in Antarctica where the climate can still be tolerated “at the end of the 21st century.


He also argues that by 2040, the world population of more than six billion will be destroyed by floods, droughts, and hunger. Let us save the planet from global warming because ultimately we must realize that we only have one planet that can be habitable.


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