Huascaran National Park, this 340,000 ha park is a Peruvian national park consisting mostly of mountain ranges called the Cordillera Blanca. The mountain range is the highest tropical mountain range in the world. The existence of this park is very influential in the lives of living things living in and around.
This national park is managed by Peru’s Protected Forest Area Network: SERNANP (Servicio Nacional de Areas Naturales Protegidas). It is located in the middle of the Andes, the heart of the highest tropical mountain in the world protected by Huascaran National Park.
The park also includes the highlands of Puna grasslands where 6,000 m of peaks and glaciers form the world’s most famous mountain regions, including over 600 glaciers, nearly 300 lakes and 41 tributaries of three important rivers, Maranon, the Santa and Pativilca. The vast spectrum of extraordinary geological features and processes that make up the impressive geomorphology is the most amazing stunning view of this Peruvian national park.
Alpamayo Mountain which became one of the most beautiful mountains also helped decorate the beautiful national park of Peru. The mountain is located on a slope of about 60 degrees. In 1966 this mountain was crowned as the most beautiful mountain in the world based on international surveys held before. Alpamayo Peak is part of the mountains that adorn Huascaran National Park, as well as a home for the jaguar, tapir, and some other endangered animal.
The surrounding mountainous rows have seven snow-covered peaks, located at an altitude of 6,000 m above sea level. The highest peak between the seven peaks is El Huascara (6,768 m). The beautiful scenery of this site can also be drawn from the numerous rivers and glacial lakes that irrigate the deepest canyons, and the existence of the various types of plants that can be found there. In this place also bear eyeglasses and eagle Andes form their habitat.
Other animals such as condor, puma, mountain cat, white-tailed deer, and vicuna (smaller camel-like animals and feather soft) also became important local animals in this national park. Unfortunately, the animals are now already a little because massively hunted in the past. No humans live in this place, but local cattle are often seen grazing on grasslands in the lowlands with the consent of the local people.
Not only animals, various plants also grow in this park. Huascaran National Park is well known as a famous mountain climbing place and has a unique biodiversity. Plant species that live there eg Queen of the Andes (Puya raimondii), as well as trees from the genus Polylepis and Buddleja.
The variety of living creatures that live in this place is certainly in need of protection. This national park was even declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985. For that, efforts were made to protect this valuable site.
The first safeguard was carried out by Senator Augusto Guzman Robles in 1960. At that time he submitted a Draft Act to the Peruvian Congress to form the Huascara National Park. Three years later (1963), an initial project for the establishment of the Cordillera Blanca National Park was presented by the Forestry and Custody Service (Servicio Forestal y de Caza). The national park covers an area of 321,000 ha.
Subsequently, on February 18, 1966, the government’s resolution of the ban on logging and the hunting of native species in the Cordillera Blanca region was expelled and the Huascaran National Park Protection was established in Yungai in the following year. Based on decision letter No. 0622-75-AG, Huascaran National Park later expanded to 340,000 ha.
It has a variety of ecosystems that are the highest tropical mountain ranks in the world. Various flora and fauna can be found in that place. More than 120 species of birds and 10 more species of mammals are rumored to live there. The park is also home to about 779 plant species identified in the park. What an incredible wealth of biodiversity.
The purpose of the establishment of this park is to protect the wealth. The existence of living things in and around is heavily dependent on the protection of this region. Its sustainability needs to be kept together, whether, by the government, residents, or tourists visiting. Do not let the human activities damage the harmony of ecosystems that are intertwined in this Huascaran National Park area.